Sundarbans National Park; Home of Royal Bengal tiger in Bengal
Royal Bengal Tiger @ Sundarbans National Park | By Soumyajit Nandy - https://commons.wikimedia.org

Sundarbans National Park; Home of Royal Bengal tiger in Bengal

Sundarbans National Park is located in West Bengal state of India. National Park is situated on the deltaic region of the Ganges river.  In 1973, the region was declared as the Sundarbans Tiger Reserve and wildlife sanctuary in 1977.  On May 4, 1984, the core of the Sundarbans tiger reserve was declared as Sundarbans National Park. This site was inscribed in UNESCO World Heritage site list in 1987. In 2019, the site has been designated as a Ramsar site for its unique wetland features.  Since 1989 this part has been included in the world network of Biosphere Reserve (man and biosphere reserve). This National Park harbours one of the largest populations of Royal Bengal Tiger in India. The National Park is intersected with numerous river channels, creeks and creek lets which are distributaries of the Ganges. A total of 54 small islands compose the park.

Bengal tiger @ Sundarban National Park
Bengal tiger @ Sundarban National Park | By Soumyajit Nandy - https://commons.wikimedia.org/

Animals of the Sundarbans National Park: Royal Bengal Tiger

The Sundarbans National Park was established in the year 1984.
The notified area of the national park is 1330 sq. km.
The average elevation of the National park is 7.5 m from the mean sea level.
Best time to visit the Sundarbans National park is from October to April.

Flora

Mangroves grow profusely in the national park.

Fauna

Mammal

Many species of mammals including Royal Bengal tiger, fishing cats, leopard cats, Indian grey mongoose, fox, jungle cat, flying fox, macaques, wild boar etc. are found in the limit of National park. The Royal Bengal Tiger of this national park are ill famous for man-eating; more than 400 tigers are present in this mangrove ecosystem. Aquatic mammal, particularly Gangetic Dolphin, is found in the river system of this national park.

Avifauna

Openbill storks, black-capped kingfishers, black-headed ibis, woodpeckers, Eurasian whimbrels, black-tailed godwits, little stints, eastern knots, curlews, golden plovers, northern pintails, white-eyed pochards, water hens, coots, jungle babblers, cotton teals, herring gulls, Caspian terns, grey herons, common snipes, wood sandpipers, green pigeons, rose-ringed parakeets, Pheasant-tailed jacanas, paradise-flycatchers, cormorants, grey-headed fish eagles, white-bellied sea eagles, seagulls, common kingfishers, peregrine falcons, pariah kites, Brahminy kite, marsh harriers, swamp partridges, red junglefowl, spotted doves etc.

Reptiles

Variety of reptiles including estuarine crocodiles, monitor lizards and chameleon etc.
Fishing Cat @ Sundarbans National Park
Fishing Cat @ Sundarbans National Park | By Soumyajit Nandy -https://commons.wikimedia.org
Leopard Cat @Sundarban National Park
Leopard Cat @Sundarban National Park | By Soumyajit Nandy -, https://commons.wikimedia.org/

Approach to the Sundarbans National Park

Nearest Airport: Kolkata (140 km)
Nearest Railway Station: Canning railway station (29 km)
Sundarbans national park is well connected with Kolkata by road.

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