Similipal National Park is located in the Mayurbhanj district in the Indian state of Odisha. This national park is named after red silk cotton trees (Simili) as this plant grows in abundance in this region. This national park includes three protected areas; Similipal Tiger Reserve, Hadgarh Wildlife Sanctuary and Kuldiha Wildlife Sanctuary. It is the seventh-largest national park in India. Since 2009, this protected area is part of the UNESCO World Network of Biosphere Reserves.
The major peaks of Similipal are Khairiburu (1178 meters) and Meghasani (1158 meters). The Jorahada (181 metres) and Barehipani (217 meters) falls enchant the heart of the viewer.
Flagship Animal: Royal Bengal Tiger
Area: 2750 km2 out of which 303 km2 is the core area.
Elevation: 900 m mean sea level
Best time for visit the park is November to March. Generally, the park remains closed from June to October.
The park has tropical moist broadleaf forest, dry deciduous hill forest, grasslands and the savannas. The park harbours 1076 species of plants belonging to 102 families. There the orchid diversity is rich. A total of 96 species of orchids have been identified in the limits of the national park. The national park has innumerable medicinal and aromatic plants.
A total of 42 species of mammals are present including Royal Bengal tiger, leopard, Asian elephant, giant squirrel, sambar, wild boar, gaur, jungle cat, chausingha (four-horned antelope), barking deer, common langur and spotted deer etc.
231 species of birds have recorded in the national park including grey hornbill, Indian pied hornbill, Malabar pied hornbill and Indian trogon red jungle fowl, hill mynah, peafowl, Alexandrine parakeet, crested serpent eagle etc.
Nearest Airport: Kolkata and Bhubaneswar
Nearest Railway Station: Baripada (20 km) and Balasore (76 km)
Similipal is approachable via Jashipur on NH-6 and via Baripada on NH-5 through Pithabata.
Generally, the park remains closed from June to October.