Orang National Park
Greater one horned rhinoceros @ Orang NP | By Nejib Ahmed ,commons.wikimedia.org

Orang National Park

Orang National Park is located in Darrang and Sonitpur districts of Indian state Assam. This Park is the only stronghold of Indian one horned rhinoceros on the north Bank of the mighty Brahmaputra river. Pachnoi river, Belsiri river and Dhansiri River which are the tributaries of the brahmaputra river flow side by this park forming its border.

Bengal Florican
Bengal Florican @ Orang NP | By Nejib Ahmed, commons.wikimedia.org

Flagship Animals of the National Park: Great one-horned rhinoceros, Bengal florican (Houbaropsis bengalensis), Royal Bengal Tiger, Pygmy hog.

Notified area of the National Park: 78.81 sq km
National Park in the year 1999.
The elevation is ranging from 45 metres to 70 metres.
The annual rainfall is around 3,000 mm.
The appropriate time to visit the park is from November to April.

Flora

Vegetation is comprised of Eastern Himalayan moist deciduous forest, Stunt seasonal swamp forest, Eastern with Alluvial grassland, Savanna grassland and degraded grassland on alluvial flood plains. The tree species found in the forests are Dalbergia sissoo, Zizyphus jujuba, Sterculia villosa, Bombax ceiba, Trewia nudiflora  etc.The prominent grass species present in the grassland are Arundo donax, Phragmites karka, Saccharum spp etc.

Fauna

Mammal

Great Indian rhinoceros, Royal Bengal Tiger, elephant, Pygmy Hog, Hog deer. Bengal porcupine, Indian Fox, small Indian civet. Leopard cat, fishing cat, Jungle cat etc.

Avifauna

A total of 222 species of birds have been recorded in this National Park.  Bengal florican (Houbaropsis bengalensis), Lesser adjutant stork (Leptoptilos javanicus), ruddy shelduck (Tadorna ferruginea), greater adjutant stork (Leptoptilos dubius), gadwall (Anas strepera), Pallas’s fish eagle (Haliaeetus leucoryphus), king fisher and woodpecker, spot-billed pelican (Pelicanus philippensis), great white pelican, brahminy duck, mallard (Anas platyrhynchos), pintail (Anas acuta), hornbills, black-necked stork (Ephippiorhynchus asiaticus) etc. 

Reptile

In the limit of this National Park that seven types of Turtles and tortoise around. Monitor lizards are commonly seen. Among snake python, king cobra, cobra, krait is common.

Approach to Orang National Park

Nearest Airport: Salonibari (80 km), Guwahati (140 km)

Nearest Railway Station:  Salonibari (41 km)

Road: The National Park is well connected with major cities of the state by roads.

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