The Namdapha National Park is located in Arunachal Pradesh of Northeast India. Its name is coined by mixing two Singpho tribal words, “Nam” means water and “Dapha” is the name of a peak glacier. Literally “Namdapha” means river originated from the Dapha Glacier. This National Park is unique of its kind as it is located at the junction of Indian subcontinent biogeographic region and Indo-China biogeographic region. This region is a gateway in which Indo-Chinese element of the Oriental, as well as Palaearctic fauna, enter in Indian subcontinent and colonies. Great Himalayan stand as a natural barrier between Indian subcontinent and Northern and Eastern Asia, separating from each other. National Park is also declared a Tiger Reserve under project tiger scheme in 1983.
Flagship animal: Namdapha flying squirrel (Biswamoyopterus biswasi) endemic to this park.
Area of National Park: 1985 sq km
Elevation ranging from 200 m to over 4571 m from mean sea level.
National Park is was designated in the year 1983.
Seasonal snowing occurs at above 2700 m from mean sea level between December and March.
Vegetation is the composition of tropical evergreen forest, temperate broadleaf forest and temperate forest. In the limit of Namdapha National Park, there presence of 801 species of Angiosperm, 5 species of gymnosperm, 112 species of pteridophytes, 59 species of bryophytes and 73 species of lichens have been reported so far.
Carnivores include Royal Bengal tiger, Clouded leopard, snow leopard, Indian wolf, Asiatic black bear, red panda, Dhole, Malayan sun bear, red fox, yellow-throated marten, Eurasian otter, Oriental small-clawed otter, large Indian civet, Asian palm civet, small Indian civet, , masked palm civet, marbled cat, fishing cat, Asian golden cat, and two mongoose species. Large herbivores are represented by Indian elephant, Indian muntjac, hog deer, sambar, gaur, goral, mainland serow, takin, wild boar, musk deer, and bharal etc. Non-human primates present include Hoolock gibbon, capped langur, Assamese macaque stump-tailed macaque, slow loris, and rhesus macaque.
In the park 425 bird species are recorded so far. It includes laughing thrushes, parrotbills, fulvettas, shrike babblers, ruddy kingfisher, blue-eared kingfisher, white-tailed fish eagle, Eurasian hobby, pied falconet, white-winged wood duck, Himalayan wood-owl, rufous-throated hill-partridge, and white-cheeked hill partridge. rufous-necked hornbill, green cochoa, purple cochoa, beautiful nuthatch, Ward’s trogon, etc.
Butterflies and moths
A great diversity of Lepidoptera species is seen in this region. The rare butterfly species list includes red caliph, cruiser, wizard, fluffy tit, East Himalayan purple emperor.
Approach to Namdapha National Park
Nearest Airport: Mohanbari, Dibrugarh, Assam (182 km)
Nearest Railway Station: Tinsukia Railway Station, Assam, (141 km)
Road: Dibrugarh (186 km), Tinsukia (141 km), Margherita (91 km) and Changlang (136 km).