Manas National Park
The_Manas_River_Entering_Indian_Side_from_Bhutan_Himalayas, By Dasdhritiman - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=49208606

Manas National Park

Manas National Park is located in the northern part of Indian state Assam close to the border of Bhutan. The park area includes the regions of following districts; Chirang, Baksa, Bajali, Kokrajhar, Darrang, Udalguri and Bongaigaon.   The park is named after the Mansa River, which is a tributary of the Brahmaputra river and passes through the National Park. The National Park is designated as a UNESCO natural World Heritage site declared in 1985. It is also a Project Tiger Reserve, an Elephant Reserve and a Biosphere Reserve. The Manas National Park is in continuous with the Royal Manas National Park of Bhutan.

Elephant in Manas National Park.
Elephant in Manas National Park. By Avermaram - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=59939546

Flagship Animal: Great One Horned Rhinoceros, Royal Bengal Tiger, Clouded leopards

Notified area of the National Park: 950 square kilometre

The national park was designated in the year 1990.

The elevation is ranging from 61 m to 110 m.

The appropriate time to visit the park is from October to April.

Flora

The main vegetation types are Assam valley semi-evergreen alluvium grassland, low alluvial savanna woodland, east Himalayan mixed most and deciduous forest and sub-Himalayan light alluvial semi-evergreen forest. The typical tree species in the park are Anthocephalus chinensis, Syzygium cumini, Syzygium formosum, Bombax ceiba, Sterculia villosa, Dillenia indica, Dillenia pentagyna, Careya arborea, Gmelina arborea, Oroxylum indicum and Bridelia spp., Lagerstroemia parviflora, Lagerstroemia speciosa, Syzygium oblatum, Bauhinia purpurea, Mallotus philippensis, Cinnamomum tamala etc. Imperata cylindrica,  Phragmites karka, Arundo donax, Dillenia pentagyna, Saccharum naranga etc. are found in the grassland.

Fauna

Mammal

There are 55 species of mammals recorded in the national park. Royal Bengal Tigers, leopards, Clouded leopards, Indian elephants, Indian rhinoceros, gaurs, Asian golden cats, dholes, sloth bears, barking deers, hog deers, black panthers, sambar, capped langurs, golden langurs, Assamese macaques, slow loris, hoolock gibbons, Asian water buffaloes, barasingha etc.

Avifauna

Four hundred fifty species of birds are found in the National Park. Jungle fowls, crested serpent-eagles, great hornbills, falcons, scarlet minivets, bee-eaters, bulbuls, Brahminy ducks, kalij pheasants, egrets, pelicans, fishing eagles, pied hornbills, grey hornbills, mergansers, harriers, Indian Peafowl, ospreys and herons etc.

Assam roofed turtle, hispid hare, golden langur and pygmy hog are endemic to this region.

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Indian_One_Horned_Rhino

Approach to Manas National Park

Nearest Airport: Guwahati (91 km)

Nearest Railway Station: Berpeta Road (44 km)

Road: Guwahati (176 km.)

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