Khangchendzonga National Park
A scene from Kanchendzonga National Park, Sikkim. By By G Devadarshan Sharma - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=60490200

Khangchendzonga National Park

Khangchendzonga National Park is located in north and western districts of Indian state Sikkim. The park is named after the mountain Kangchenjunga. The mountain is  8,586 metres (28,169 ft) tall, the third-highest peak in the world. In July 2016, it was inscribed to the UNESCO World Heritage Sites list. This National Park is the first “Mixed Heritage” site of India. In the north it shares a border with the Qomolangma National Nature Preserve in Tibet and the west the Kanchenjunga Conservation Area in Nepal.

There a few Lepcha tribal settlements are present inside the park. Tholung Monastery, a gompa, one of the sacred monasteries of Sikkim present in the park.

Area: 849.5 km2.

Elevation: 1,829 metres to over 8,550 metres.

The best time to visit the Kanchenjunga national park is from April to May. Snowfall is heavy during the winter season and rainy season extends from May to mid-October.

Flora

The vegetation of the park is a composition of temperate broadleaf and mixed forests consisting of maplebirch, willow, fir, oaksalpine grasses, shrubs including many medicinal plants and herbs.

Fauna

Mammal

Avifauna

Consisting of about 550 species including Blood pheasant (State bird of Sikkim), Himalayan griffonSatyr tragopanOsprey,  LammergeierTragopan pheasantTibetan snowcockSnow pigeonImpeyan pheasantAsian emerald cuckooSunbird and Eagle etc.

Approach

Nearest Airport
Pakyong Airport, a Greenfield project near Gangtok.
Bagdogra Airport, Darjeeling district, West Bengal (222 km).
Gangtok Helipad, East Sikkim district, Sikkim
Nearest Railway Station: New Jalpaiguri, Siliguri Junction (221 km)
Nearest highway: NH 31A (Sevok – Gangtok)
Nearest town: Yuksom and Chungthan (20 km each) Nearest city: Gangtok

Park Specific Activity Trekking

The popular trek routes are

  • Yuksom to Dzongri via Tshoka
  • Bakim to Goechala  via Dzongri, Thangshing and Samuteng
  • Dzongri Base Camp to Khangerteng via Rathong
  • Thangshing to Tashiding via Lam Pokhari, Kasturi Orar and Labdang
  • Lucanes Jakchen to Green Lake via Yabuk and Rest Camp (Marco Polo Camp)
  • Lachen-Thasngu (4,174 m Altitude)  to Rest Camp – Green Lake via Muguthang (4,900 m Altitude), Thay La (5,200 m Altitude) and Khyoksa La (5,500 m Altitude)
Special Requirements
For visiting the park and associated region, foreign nationals would require a restricted area permit from the Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India.
Indian nationals are required to obtain an Inner-Line Permit from the State Home Department.
Permission of the State Chief Wildlife Warden is also mandatory for everybody visiting the park.

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