Kaziranga National Park
Indian Rhinoceros| By Dr. Raju Kasambe @commons.wikimedia.org

Kaziranga National Park

The Kaziranga National Park is located  in Golaghat, Karbi Anglong in Nagaon districts of Indian state Assam. National Park is a World Heritage site having two-third of World’s great one-horned rhinoceros population. Bird Life International has recognized the Kaziranga National Park as an important bird area.  In 2006 the National Park was declared as a Tiger Reserve. Kaziranga National Park is located on the age of eastern Himalaya biodiversity hotspot.  The Brahmaputra river has circumscribed the National Park forming the northern and Eastern boundaries, while Diphlu and Mora rivers form the southern boundary.

As per 2018 great Indian Rhino census in Kaziranga national park there are 2413 rhinos are thriving in the limit of national park. This makes the national park is home to two thirds of the world population this vulnerable animal. 

Indian Water buffalo
Indian Water buffalo | By NejibAhmed @ commons.wikimedia.org

Animal of the National Park: Great One Horned Rhinoceros, Royal Bengal Tiger and Indian Elephant.

Notified area of National Park:  429 sq km
National Park was designated India 1968.
The elevation is ranging from 40 m to 80 m.
Best time to visit National Park is from November to April.

Flora

Vegetation is a composition of alluvial inundated grasslands, alluvial savanna woodlands, tropical moist mixed deciduous forests, and tropical semi-evergreen forests. The major species of grassland comprises of sugarcanes, spear grass, elephant grass, and the common reed.  Tree species present in the grassland are kumbhi, Indian gooseberry, the cotton tree etc. Thick evergreen forests comprise of tree species such as Garcinia tinctoria, Cinnamomum bejolghota, Ficus rumphii,Talauma hodgsonii, Dillenia indica, etc. Tropical semi-evergreen forests include tree species such as Mallotus philippensis, Lagerstroemia speciosa, Crateva unilocularis, Bridelia retusa, Aphania rubra, Leea indica, Duabanga grandiflora etc.

Fauna

Mammal

Great One Horned Rhinoceros, Royal Bengal tigers, leopards, Jungle cat, fishing cat, Chinese ferret badgers, particoloured flying squirrel, Bengal fox, golden jackal, sloth bear, Chinese pangolin, Indian pangolins, large Indian civet, small Indian civets, hog badger, Indian gray mongoose, small Indian mongooses etc.

Asiatic Elephants
Asiatic Elephants | By Anuwar ali [email protected]

Avifauna

Many bird species including Indian vulture, slender-billed vulture, greater adjutant, black-necked stork, Indian white-rumped vulture, grey-headed fish eagle, eastern imperial, greater spotted, white-tailed, Pallas’s fish eagle, swamp francolin, Bengal florican, ferruginous duck, Baer’s pochard duck and lesser adjutant etc.

Reptiles

King cobra, Indian cobra, monocle cobra, Russell’s viper, Bengal monitor and the Asian water monitor. Assam roofed turtle is endemic to this national park.

Approach to Kaziranga National Park

Nearest Airport: Guwahati (217 km), Jorhat (97 km)
Nearest Railway Station: Furkating (75 km)
Entry points to the National Park are well connected by road.

National Parks of India, where you can find Great Indian rhinoceros prospering.

Assam

Orang National Park (Rhino count: 101) [Source: 1]
Manas National Park (Rhino count: 34) [Source: 2]

West Bengal

Jaldapara National Park (Rhino count: 231) [Source: 3]

Gorumara National Park (Rhino count: 52) [Source: 3]

Uttar Pradesh

Dudhwa National Park (Rhino count: 39) [Source: 4]

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