Dibru-Saikhowa National Park
Asiatic Water Buffalo @Dibru-saikhowa National Park. |By BANDITA PATHAK. commons.wikimedia

Dibru-Saikhowa National Park

Dibru-Saikhowa National Park is located in Tinsukia and Dibrugarh district of northeastern state Assam of India. The Brahmaputra and the Lohit river form the  national park on the north and the  Dibru river on the south. The region was earlier declared as Dibru-Saikhowa wildlife sanctuary in the year 1995. In 1997, 765 km2  of area,  including the Dibru-Saikhowa wildlife sanctuary  was declared as a Biosphere Reserve and the sanctuary designated area form the core of Biosphere Reserve. The protected area is meant to conserve the habitat of the rare white-winged wood duck,  black-breasted parrotbill and other rare mammals such as capped langur and Indian water buffalo.

Feral Horse @Dibru-saikhowa National Park.
Feral [email protected] Dibru-saikhowa National Park | By Dhruba Jyoti Baruah, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=49981930

Flagship animals of the National Park: white-winged wood duck, water buffalo, capped langur and feral horses

Designated area of National Park: 340 sq km 

National Park was designated India 1999.

The climate is tropical monsoon.

Flora

Vegetation is a composition of moist mixed semi-evergreen forest, moist mixed deciduous forest,  canebrakes and grasslands.  Tree species includes Bischofia javanica, Bombax ceiba, Lagerstroemia parviflora, Mesua ferrea, Dalbergia sissoo, Dillenia indica etc. Grass species includes , Arundo donax, Imperata cylindrica, Saccharum ravennae etc.

Fauna

Mammal

A total of 36 mammal species are recorded in the National Park.  Feral horses, Asiatic water buffalo, Royal Bengal tiger, clouded leopard, Indian leopard,  Malayan giant squirrel, sloth bear, dhole, the small Indian civet, jungle cat, Chinese pangolin,  slow loris, pig-tailed macaque, Assamese macaque, rhesus macaque, capped langur, Hoolock gibbon, Asian elephant, wild boar, Sambar, hog deer, barking deer, and the rivers have the presence of  Gangetic river dolphin.

Avifauna

Many bird species including white-winged wood duck,  Himalayan griffon, ferruginous pochard,  rufous-rumped grass bird, lesser kestrel, brown fish owl, greater adjutant, black-necked stork, white-bellied heron, glossy ibis, fulvous whistling-duck, spotted red shank, chestnut-crowned bush warbler, lesser adjutant, white-tailed eagle, Pallas’s eagle , grey-headed fish eagle,  spotted green shank, black-crowned night heron, yellow bittern, asian open bill,  hornbill,  grey lag goose etc. and many more.

Approach to Dibru-Saikhowa National Park

Nearest Airport:  Mohanbari, Dibrugarh, Assam.
Nearest Railway Station: Tinsukia Railway Station, Assam.
Nearest Town Tinsukia.

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